Welcome to the Exceptional Nurse Blog! I am Donna Maheady, EdD, ARNP, founder of www.ExceptionalNurse.com, the nonprofit resource committed to inclusion of people with disabilities in nursing. We facilitate inclusion of students with disabilities in nursing education programs and foster resilience and continued practice for nurses who are, or become, disabled. We celebrate abilities, share resources and examples of nurses with disabilities who work with and without accommodations.
Imagine how many nurses worked through the storm. Were they injured? Did they suffer from PTSD? Did they receive mental health counseling following the storm? Margot Withrow and John Owen share vivid details of working through the storm.
Moving forward with a disability: Returning to work as a nurse after an amputation
Carolyn McKinzie returned to work as a nurse following a below the knee amputation. Her journey and suggestions for other similarly situated nurses are included in a series of blog posts.http://exceptionalnurse.blogspot.com/2016/06/moving-forward-with-disability.html
A message for nurses with disabilities from Neil deGrasse Tyson, the astrophysicist
Neil deGrasse Tyson talked about how his colleagues and co-workers with ADD, dyslexia and autism spectrum disorder cope with not being what some people consider "normal".
Libby Sanders is a nurse in Jasper, Indiana. Earlier this year, she lost her left pinky finger after a freak accident with a screen door. Since the accident she was a little self-conscious about the missing finger.
Nursing students with a wide range of disabilities are increasing in number every year. Disabilities may include hearing loss, low vision, learning disabilities, limb differences, paralysis, mental illness and chronic conditions such as multiple sclerosis, lupus and movement disorders.
http://exceptionalnurse.blogspot.com/2016/07/nursing-students-with-disabilities.html Will President-elect Donald Trump support nurses with disabilities?
So much has been said and predicted about a Donald Trump presidency. Can we turn our attention to nurses? And, specifically nurses and nursing students with disabilities?
experiences of students with hearing loss can vary significantly among
individuals. A number of personal and environmental factors will have an impact
on how the student learns and how he or she interacts with instructors, peers,
and patients. Other factors include degree of hearing loss, age of onset of
hearing loss, and educational background. Ambient noise levels, room acoustics,
and lighting also can have a significant impact on how well communication might
flow between a health care provider and a patient. In many settings, simple
changes can be made that may benefit more than just one person. Using the
principles of universal design, adding visual signals such as flashing lights
in addition to auditory signals can alert any member of the staff. Using pagers
is a common way of communicating, and it creates a more accessible work
environment for everyone.
who need additional visual cues for classroom access may request speech-to-text
services, sign language interpreters, or oral interpreters. Speech-to-text
service providers (often referred to as a captioner or transcriber) use
specialized software and a display device to provide a text format of the
lecture and discussion. Students who use sign language interpreters should
discuss the preferred mode of communication (e.g., use of American Sign
Language or use of Contact Sign), review terminology, and establish what signs
could be used to express specific concepts for each class. Students with strong
speech reading skills may request an oral interpreter. An oral interpreter will
present on the lips and face what is being said during the conversation or
Many students use personal hearing aids to
understand speech and detect environmental cues. Although hearing aid
technology has improved tremendously over the past few decades, there are
limitations to how strong the signal might be. Older analog hearing aids tend
to amplify all sounds, making it difficult to separate background noise from
speech; the sound produced by newer digital hearing aids is clearer and has
reduced distortion and internal noise. High-end digital hearing aids may also
be programmed for different listening situations. Purchasing and maintaining a
personal hearing aid is the student’s responsibility. Assistive listening
devices (ALD) amplify the speaker’s voice and reduce the influence of
background noise. Commonly used ALDs include FM systems, infrared systems, and
electromagnetic induction loop systems. Because an ALD might be used by several
different students, this equipment is generally purchased and maintained by the
In the college environment, students who
are deaf or hard of hearing are strongly encouraged to take an active role in
planning their communication access services. Discussions with the staff in the
disability services office can be helpful prior to the start of a new term,
especially when the student’s course load includes laboratory work or clinical
assignments. Service providers, such as interpreters or speech-to-text
providers, may need to prepare for the terminology used in the classes or work
with the student to determine the best sight lines to see the access service,
the instructor, and any visual course materials used. In clinical settings, students will be
expected to identify heart, lung, and bowel sounds; communicate in settings in
which surgical masks are used; and communicate with patients in a clinical
setting or on the telephone. Students with hearing loss may not be able to
utilize a traditional acoustic stethoscope. Several amplified
stethoscope models are available, and students who benefit from hearing aids
are encouraged to work with faculty and their audiologist to determine a good
match. Technology such as text pagers and smartphones can be an effective
strategy for handling alerts and telephone messages. There are numerous materials available on
the PEPNet website that may provide a student with additional information: www.pepnet.org.
*Note: The PepNet website will close December 31, 2016 and transition to working with the National Deaf Center on Postsecondary Outcomes firstname.lastname@example.org.
This information is an excerpt from a chapter commentary written by Marcia
Kolvitz, PhD, Director of PEPNet-South at The University of Tennessee,
Knoxville in the book"The Exceptional Nurse: Tales from the trenches of truly resilient nurses working with disabilities".To order a copy, visit:
How does a nurse or nursing student with short, partial or missing fingers; or who wears a prosthetic hand don gloves in a healthcare setting? The question was posted to a group of nurses with disabilities. The responses included the following: "You could use different size gloves...one for each hand. I have no fingers on my right hand and use different sizes to have less latex in the way." "Tuck the extra tips of the gloves in. I'm missing a finger (had it amputated due to cancer) and I just tuck the extra finger in. No one notices." "I have two fingers on my right hand. I turn the glove inside out and slide it over my two short digits and the other finger sleeves are tucked in automatically."
Susan Fleming, RN, PhD., a nurse who was born missing her left hand demonstrates how she dons sterile gloves in this article: http://www.exceptionalnurse.com/DegreesofSuccess.pdf. Dr. Fleming also demonstrates donning sterile gloves in this video "Nursing with the hand you're given". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d3AfRRNxLWg An article about surgeons with amputated fingers, published in 1982, may also be helpful. Brown, P.S. (1982). Less than ten--Surgeons with amputated fingers. The Journal of Hand Surgery, 7(1), 31-37. http://www.newyorkinjurycasesblog.com/uploads/file/2012-04-13%20(1).pdf If you are a nurse with a similar challenge, please feel free to add a comment or suggestion to this post so others can benefit. Or, email me at ExceptionalNurse@aol.com. With thanks! Donna
So much has been said and predicted about a Donald Trump presidency. Can we turn our attention to nurses? And, specifically nurses and nursing students with disabilities? Will he stand with all nurses and nursing students? Will he support safe staffing ratios and safer handling policies? Will he encourage employers to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act and reasonable accommodation for nurses with disabilities? Will he support reasonable accommodation for nursing students with disabilities in higher education? Will he see the potential in a nurse or nursing student with a disability? What can we do to bring the issues to the attention of the President-elect? Please feel free to post a comment below or email me at ExceptionalNurse@aol.com. I will update this post as the new administration moves forward. With thanks, Donna
Recently, I was asked why I encourage nurses, nursing students, nursing faculty and disability services staffers to ask their university, college, hospital or local library to purchase copies of my books. Of course, the stories shared in books offer inspiration and hope to nurses and nursing students with disabilities, but there are other reasons...... If you purchase a copy as an individual (thank you!!!), but I would venture to guess that after you read the book it will be placed on a shelf and later end up in a landfill or thrift store. But if a library purchases the book, the stories shared by trailblazing nurses with disabilities will live on for generations to come. The stories serve as examples of nursing students and nurses who benefited from the Americans with Disabilities Act. Some asked for reasonable accommodation and often fought the system, overcame challenges and moved forward to do the work they love. Information is shared about nursing school, gaining employment, accommodation, reactions from patients and fellow staff nurses.... and so much more. If books about nurses with disabilities are available in libraries, nurses who are working on masters and doctoral degrees and doing research on the experiences of nursing students and nurses with disabilities will find the stories. Nursing historians will be informed as well. Disability services staffers, human resource staffers, nursing administrators, attorneys, law students, vocational rehabilitation counselors, physical and occupational therapists need to know about nurses with a wide range of disabilities who have been successful in school and work place settings. They need evidence that a person with one hand, mental illness, lower limb amputation, spina bifida, learning disability, spinal cord injury, chronic illness, epilepsy, essential tremor, hearing or vision loss can become a nurse with and without accommodation! Most libraries have an easy online form you can complete to request a purchase. Can you help the stories live on?
Maheady, D.C. (Ed.). (2014). The Exceptional Nurse: Tales from the trenches of truly resilient
nurses working with disabilities. CreateSpace Independent Publishing
Platform. ISBN: 13:978-1495400933
Maheady, D.C. (2006). Leave
No Nurse Behind: Nurses Working with disAbilities.
Lincoln, NE: iUniverse, Inc. ISBN:13:978-0-595-39649-8
Maheady, D. (2003). Nursing
Students with Disabilities Change the
Course. River Edge, New Jersey: Exceptional
Parent Press. (Now available from Lulu.com)
Breaking a task down into micro-units, using prompts,
and assistive technology can help all students. We all do this whether we
realize it or not (Brandt and Alwin, 2012; Kolanko, 2003). As nurses
we develop sliding scale charts for delivering different dosages of IV
medications, write laboratory results on our hands, and enter prompts into our
iPods to be on time for medications and treatments (Kolanko, 2003; and
Understanding deficits in social
processing or lack of social skill learning is more common in college students
today. Developing a network of support is important to all students with
disabilities. Students with LD tend to be individual rather than group
learners. But this characteristic sometimes isolates the student. Finding ways
to integrate them into study groups, peer tutoring, or group discussions may
help to increase the comfort level of group work and as nurses with supportive
staff (Brooke, 1999). The student feels at ease and can see the group as a
support rather than a source of stress.
When students with LDs learn to micro-unit
(break information down into its smallest units), use various learning
strategies and are provided more time, they can see the relevance of these
techniques for patient care. Nurses with LD are uniquely prepared to care for
patients who have the same needs. Upon learning of their LD, students report
reactions of grief and loss as they see themselves as a person with a
disability and not “a normal person.” Helping them to self- advocate, learn
success strategies, and referrals to specialists can support their needs. It
should be emphasized that this is something they can help patients do for
themselves as well (Kolanko, 2003). This information is an excerpt from a chapter commentary written by Katherine Kolanko, RN, PhD in "The Exceptional Nurse: Tales from the trenches of truly resilient nurses working with disabilities".
Please share your thoughts below. With thanks, Donna
name is Tino Plank, and I’m in the process of completing my nursing school
pre-requisites. At the suggestion of my academic counselor, Bill Jones, I’ve
put together this “learning bio” as a way to introduce myself, my scholastic
goals, and my learning disabilities.
already have a B.S. degree, which I completed in 1980. However, at that time, I
struggled in many of my core science classes because I didn’t realize that I
had learning disabilities that impacted my capacity to process the material I
was studying. Specifically, I have auditory and visual processing deficits and
dyslexia/ADD characteristics that slow down the way I integrate information.
always wanted to continue my science education, but had been intimidated by the
testing challenges from my undergraduate days. Fortunately, I’ve been through
the learning skills assessment offered by Student Supportive Services, and with
their guidance and support, we’ve worked out learning/testing accommodations
that have improved my ability to learn and retain information.
look forward to learning from you this semester and working with you to
incorporate my accommodations into the classroom.
more about nursing school with a learning disability in chapter 5 “Ain’t No
Mountain High Enough: Paths to Success for Nurses with Learning Disabilities” in
The Exceptional Nurse: Tales from the
trenches of truly resilient nurses working with disabilities.
State boards of nursing use different statutory language related to restrictions, suspensions, stipulations, probation and surrendering a license. It is hard to know exactly how many nurses have suspended or restricted licenses. If you are one of these nurses, you may be eager to continue to work in nursing or a related field, but don’t know where to turn. Finding a nursing or healthcare related job may take some time and effort, but it can be done!
Let’s think about it this way, if you have a restricted license or your license is suspended, you still have a degree in nursing and valuable skills. Consider areas where you can use your nursing knowledge in broader terms, beyond traditional nursing positions. Begin to think about health related fields. Change your keyword search from “nursing” to “health related”.
Consider gyms and health clubs
Do you practice yoga? If so, why not become a yoga instructor? Build your own business teaching yoga to patients with cancer, arthritis or chronic pain. Also, consider becoming a Reiki master.
Like anatomy? Many massage and yoga instructor training programs require students to study anatomy as part of the training. Who better than a nurse to teach this content?
Explore opportunities with insurance company fitness programs like Healthways “Silver Sneakers” fitness program. You could become an instructor.
How about teaching health to middle or high school age students? A school system may only require you to have a degree in a health-related field in order to teach health.
Consider teaching CPR, first aid, water safety, babysitting or other health related courses for the Red Cross or American Heart Association.
Love maternal/child care? Consider becoming a childbirth or breastfeeding educator.
Does your local school system offer adult education programs? If so, consider developing a health related program and presenting your idea to the appropriate department.
Working as a nurse recruiter or for a staffing agency may be an option to consider.
Are you interested in promoting good nutrition and healthy eating? Consider becoming a nutrition consultant. Some nurses have started their own businesses offering classes within their communities.
Faith based programs
Does your church, synagogue or mosque have a parish nurse? If so, consider volunteering with him or her to take blood pressure after services or make home visits.
Love being in the library? How about considering a position in a university medical or nursing school library?
Teach the American Lung Association’s “Open Airways” program to children with asthma in schools.
Consider volunteering with the Red Cross or at a free clinic or homeless shelter.
Write a blog about your experiences. It can be a source of income and could be helpful to other nurses. Online and print publications are also a place to consider writing articles about your area of expertise.
There are medical coding courses offered at community colleges and online. Learning medical coding can lead to employment with medical offices and consulting firms.
Medical Foster Care
Infants and children with special needs are in dire need of foster homes. Consider opening your home and sharing your nursing skills with children in need.
Many children and adults with special needs live in group homes and other settings. Groups homes and programs providing services to people with disabilities often need nursing expertise. Find out how you might be able to help. Teach a class on hand washing, food safety, hygiene, nutrition or cooking healthy meals.
Network, network, network
Tell everyone you know that you are interested in working. Stay connected with other nurses as well.
Be prepared for tough questions you may be asked. Rehearse responses. Be honest with employers. Explain your disciplinary action, take responsibility and clearly identify ways you have remediated the situation.
You also need to work closely with your state board of nursing program or counselor and comply with whatever is requested. Try to keep your resume current if a return to traditional nursing practice is your goal. Work closely with your Nursing Board’s peer assistance program or counselor. They may have employment suggestions particular to your area of the country.
Any other suggestions? I would love to read about your experiences.
Carissa Lucas Just a few weeks into the nursing program at Texas A&M University Health Science Center, Carissa Lucas found a lump on the left side of her neck. She had a test and class that day and thought it could wait, but one of her professors advised her to get it checked out. Carissa's doctor sent her to the emergency room and to have a CT scan. Three hours later, she was informed that the tests were consistent with lymphoma. Two weeks later, she learned that the diagnosis was stage two Hodgkin's Lymphoma. Carissa started chemotherapy while attending classes. "I had chemotherapy every other week, and was able to keep attending classes and get the treatment that I needed." The accelerated nursing program took Carissa a year longer than planned due to a medical leave of absence. The good news is that in spite of extensive treatment and a stem cell transplant, she was scheduled to graduate in May of 2016 and begin a nursing position for Baylor, Scott & White. "A lot of people have said that I inspire them, and I appreciate the sentiment, but I never set out to do that. I just want to be the best nurse that I can be. I couldn't let a diagnosis keep me from achieving my goals"